Jaw and TMJ Injuries

[vc_section content_layout=”full” animation_delay=”” disable=”” id=”” class=”” bg_type=”image” bg_image=”” color_overlay=”” enable_parallax=”” enable_pattern=””][vc_row content_layout=”boxed” equal_height=”” animation_delay=”” disable=”” id=”” class=”” bg_type=”image” bg_image=”” color_overlay=”” enable_parallax=”” enable_pattern=””][vc_column layout=”normal” vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=””][vc_custom_heading text=”Injuries to the jaws and TMJ” google_fonts=”font_family:Open%20Sans%3A300%2C300italic%2Cregular%2Citalic%2C600%2C600italic%2C700%2C700italic%2C800%2C800italic|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal”][vc_column_text]Most common causes of lower jaw fractures are assaults, road traffic accidents, sports injuries and use of excessive force during minor surgical procedures. These fractures are classified according to the region of the jaw that is fractured. Diagnosis of these fractures can be done clinically while confirmation needs x-rays .The zygoma followed by the mandible are the strongest bones in the face. Many soft tissue structures are attached to or pass through both these bones[/vc_column_text][vc_custom_heading text=”Upper jaw fracture” google_fonts=”font_family:Open%20Sans%3A300%2C300italic%2Cregular%2Citalic%2C600%2C600italic%2C700%2C700italic%2C800%2C800italic|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal”][vc_column_text]Mouth opening becomes greatly restricted in cases of fracture of the jaws. This is more so in the case of fracture of the upper jaw. Correction of upper jaw fracture is through the exposure of the fracture site, which is then aligned and fixed with titanium plates and screws.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row content_layout=”boxed” equal_height=”” animation_delay=”” disable=”” id=”” class=”” bg_type=”image” bg_image=”” color_overlay=”” enable_parallax=”” enable_pattern=””][vc_column layout=”normal” vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5169″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”Inability to open mouth due to fractured upper jaw” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column][vc_column layout=”normal” vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5170″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”X-ray showing fracture” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column][vc_column layout=”normal” vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5171″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”During surgery” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row content_layout=”boxed” equal_height=”” animation_delay=”” disable=”” id=”” class=”” bg_type=”image” bg_image=”” color_overlay=”” enable_parallax=”” enable_pattern=””][vc_column layout=”normal” vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5172″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”Open reduction of fracture” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column][vc_column layout=”normal” vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5173″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”Fractured segments fixed with bone plate” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column][vc_column layout=”normal” vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5174″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”Improved mouth opening postoperatively” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row content_layout=”boxed” equal_height=”” animation_delay=”” disable=”” id=”” class=”” bg_type=”image” bg_image=”” color_overlay=”” enable_parallax=”” enable_pattern=””][vc_column layout=”normal” vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=””][vc_custom_heading text=”Lower jaw fracture” google_fonts=”font_family:Open%20Sans%3A300%2C300italic%2Cregular%2Citalic%2C600%2C600italic%2C700%2C700italic%2C800%2C800italic|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal”][vc_column_text]In the case of mandibular fractures, the region of the fracture is first surgically exposed followed by stabilization and fixation of the fracture with titanium plates and screws. This is usually followed by uneventful healing of the fracture.[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner equal_height=”” animation_delay=”” disable=”” id=”” class=””][vc_column_inner vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5176″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”X-ray indicating a fracture in the left side of the lower jaw” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5177″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”During surgery, the fracture site visualized” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5178″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”Bone plate fixed” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row content_layout=”boxed” equal_height=”” animation_delay=”” disable=”” id=”” class=”” bg_type=”image” bg_image=”” color_overlay=”” enable_parallax=”” enable_pattern=””][vc_column layout=”normal” vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=””][vc_custom_heading text=”Temporomandibular Joint fracture” google_fonts=”font_family:Open%20Sans%3A300%2C300italic%2Cregular%2Citalic%2C600%2C600italic%2C700%2C700italic%2C800%2C800italic|font_style:400%20regular%3A400%3Anormal”][vc_column_text]The condyle is that part of the mandible that forms the movable half of the temporomandibular joint. This nestles in the glenoid fossa and is the only movable joint in the head. Condylar fractures can be unilateral or bilateral depending upon the force of impact and the direction of the impact.

The broken fragment could either lie without being displaced within the jaw joint or could be displaced. Treatment depends upon the position of the fragment as well as the number of fragments.

Dr SM Balaji is an expert at fixing fractures of the jaws and utilizes precise facial biometric studies before commencement of surgery to obtain the best possible outcome for the patient.[/vc_column_text][vc_row_inner equal_height=”” animation_delay=”” disable=”” id=”” class=””][vc_column_inner vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5180″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”CT showing condylar neck fracture on both sides and displaced inwards” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5181″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”CT showing condylar neck fracture on both sides and displaced inwards” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5179″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”Occlusion or the way the patient bites is affected due to fracture of jaw bone” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][vc_row_inner equal_height=”” animation_delay=”” disable=”” id=”” class=””][vc_column_inner vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5183″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”CT showing condylar neck fracture on both sides and displaced inwards” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5184″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”Bone plate adapted and fixed to the fractured bone segments on the left side” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner vertical_align=”top” animation_delay=”” width=”1/3″][vu_image_box image=”5185″ ratio=”2:1″ title=”Occlusion or the way the patient bites corrected after surgery” description=”” read_more_text=”Read More” link=”” class=””][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][/vc_section]

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